By Teresa Platt, Executive Director, FCUSA (April 1998 – May 2011)
With Simon Ward, Communications Director, FCUSA
(Revised Mar. 20, 2011)
We hear it over and over again: attacks by Earth and animal liberationists are becoming more “personal” and more extreme. We are also told that no one has ever been killed by these “liberation” zealots who engage in criminal acts to rid the Earth of its “enemies”.
Alas, it’s a myth.
It’s been personal for decades and it’s been violent for as long as it’s been personal. There are dozens of “green” and very personal hit lists out there,(1) many introduced with the same quote attributed to anarchist and “direct action” cheerleader Utah Phillips: “The Earth is not dying – it is being killed. And the people killing it have names and addresses.”
We have no idea how many animals have suffered at the hands of those intent on “liberating” them over the years. Sometimes research animals have been found trampled on university campuses. Sometimes they’re found wandering the streets after “liberators” abandon them. Sometimes, it appears, the “liberators” simply poison them with drugs, possibly to eliminate any evidence of the crime.(1)
For farm animals “liberated” from mink farms, let’s take a look at the numbers.
From 1995 through 2007, there were 53 attacks on US mink farms resulting in almost $6 million in damages, some insured, some not. (This does not include damages related to arsons on feed mills and other structures.)
These 53 crimes resulted in 107,038 mink being stolen and abandoned into the wild by groups using predominantly two names: the Animal Liberation Front (ALF) and the Earth Liberation Front (ELF).
Of these 107,038 abandoned farm-raised mink, 47,024 were recovered and returned to their pens on the farms. The balance, 60,014, died slowly and inhumanely from thirst or malnutrition, or violently under the wheels of cars or being ripped apart by dogs.
Beyond the mink, farm dogs doing their job protecting the property fared poorly: one was pepper sprayed (1997), two were killed by poisoning (1996), and two were stabbed to death (2007).
(1) “[E]vidence … demonstrated that … [Rodney] Coronado, Alex Pacheco (another PETA founder) and others had planned a burglary at Tulane University’s Primate Research Center in 1990. … The records seized included surveillance logs; code names for Coronado, Pacheco and others; burglary tools; two-way radios; night vision goggles; phony identification for Coronado and Pacheco, and animal euthanasia drugs.” (From the Government’s Sentencing Memorandum,U.S. v. Coronado, No. 1:97-CR-116, U.S. District Court for the Western District of Michigan, Southern Division. Emphasis added.)
|Animal rightist casualties
It must be remembered that it is not only animal users and the animals themselves that have paid a high price in the animal “liberation” wars. From time to time, physical harm of worse also befalls the instigators of this conflict.
1995: On Feb. 1, while protesting the live export of veal calves in Coventry, UK, Jill Phipps dies beneath the wheels of a truck carrying calves. She was an active member of the ALF-affiliated Eastern Animal Liberation League. (Related story)
2009: On. Oct. 10, members of the Companion Animal Protection Society protest the alleged sale of “puppy mill” dogs at the Aquarium & Pet Center in Santa Monica, CA. Three of them are hit by brass pellets fired from a high-powered air rifle, suffering minor injuries. A $5,000 reward is offered for information leading to the arrest of the sniper. (Related story)
2010: On Jan. 27, Daniel Shaull dies from immolation in Portland, Oregon, after setting himself ablaze and attempting to enter a fur shop. (Related story)
2010: On Sept. 1, James Lee is shot and killed by police after taking three hostages at gun point at Discovery Communications in Silver Spring, MD. Lee was known for his extreme views on animals, environmentalism, and hatred of people. (See main entry and related story)
Over the last several decades, hundreds of people have been assaulted and wounded, and yes, a handful have even been murdered. The fact that so few have died is testament to the caution, including good mail-handling procedures, exercised by all the human “targets” engaged in feeding, clothing, sheltering and curing the world.
People have been assaulted with everything from tofu pies to pickaxe handles, and opened mail containing razor blades and bombs. Brake lines have been cut, trees spiked, and motorcross trails booby trapped. There have been hundreds of close calls during arsons that burned out of control.
So let us take a moment to focus on the near misses, serious injuries and deaths in the animal “liberation” wars.
1963: This was the year the UK’s Hunt Sabs first embraced criminal actions in their campaigns before spinning off the more violent Band of Mercy in 1972. The Band consisted of five people. While on parole for arson in 1974, one of the cofounders, Ronnie Lee, renamed the group the Animal Liberation Front with the goal of “liberation of all animals from exploitation by humans.”
In an article signed “R.L.” in the October 1984 ALF newsletter, Lee proposed activists should set up “fresh groups … under new names whose policies do not preclude the use of violence towards animals abusers.”(2)
About the same time, Charles Manson’s Order of the Rainbow delegated Squeaky Fromme (Red) to protect the California redwoods, and her roommate, Sandra Collins Good (Blue), incorporated Starting Point, Inc. and a nonprofit charity named Air, Trees, Water and Animals (ATWA).
Fromme and Good’s “International People’s Court of Retribution” focused on saving the Earth by writing 3,000 threatening letters to the heads of various corporations. Good served 10 years for the threatening letters.
In September 1975, Fromme engaged in an assassination attempt on President Ford “for the trees.” But it wasn’t until 2003 that the state of California suspended ATWA’s tax-exempt charitable status. After serving 34 years in custody, Fromme was finally released in August 2009.(3)
1979: Ted Kaczynski, aka the Unabomber, began his bombing spree in this year. With 16 bombs, he injured 29 and killed three in his campaign on behalf of the “Freedom Coalition.”
Hugh Scrutton was the owner of a computer store who was murdered by a Kaczynski bomb in December 1985. Kaczynski described the episode:
Experiment 97, December 11, 1985. I planted a bomb disguised to look like a scrap of lumber behind Rentech Computer store in Sacramento. According to the Sacramento Bee, December 20th, the operator of the store was killed, “blown to bits”, on December 12th. Excellent. Humane way to eliminate somebody. He probably never felt a thing. $25,000 reward offered. Rather flattering.(4)
Bombing, per Kaczynski, was an “Humane way to eliminate somebody.”
Kaczynski chose his last two victims off a 1993 EarthFirst! hit list that was inaccurate.(5) Thomas Mosser lost his life on Dec. 10, 1994, for public relations work he didn’t do for Exxon, and Kaczynski mailed a package bomb in 1995 to Bill Dennison at a forestry trade association in Sacramento, California not knowing that Dennison had retired a year before. On Apr. 24, the new director, Gilbert Murray, opened the package and was killed by exploding shrapnel.
Kaczynski’s writings have been published in the EarthFirst! Journal and other eco-anarchy rags and e-zines. The Earth Liberation Front has long considered Kaczynski one of their own, including him in their Prisoner’s List.
1982: On Nov. 30, a package containing letters from the Animal Rights Militia exploded in the London residence of British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher. The package was addressed to Thatcher, but it was office manager Peter Taylor who handled it and suffered burns to his hands and face. Four more bombs were sent to senior politicians but were intercepted.
1987: On May 8, sawmill worker George Alexander was nearly decapitatedwhen a tree-spike shattered his saw blade at a mill in California. A 12-foot section of the blade had ripped through his face mask, struck him in the throat and face, and cut into his jugular vein. His jaw was broken in five places and he lost a dozen teeth. The blade was wrapped around him and could only be removed with a blowtorch as Alexander came close to bleeding to death.
Neither this nor other incidents deter the self-proclaimed inventor of tree-spiking, and founder of the Sea Shepherd Conservation Society, Paul Watson. “[T]he logger is a rot, a disease and an aberration against nature, and I among others will not weep a single tear at his demise.” said Watson. “To sum up, tree-spiking works. … It is simple and cheap. … Whatever political stance the Earth First! rank and file take, tree-spiking will continue … despite criticism, despite the laws of society, despite the so-called ‘rights’ of the loggers and their ilk. … Tree-spiking is an idea and an idea is impossible to kill. It will continue and I will continue to advocate it until I die. No compromise, not now or ever.” (In “In defense of tree-spiking“, Earth First! Journal, Sept. 22, 1990.)
1988: On Nov. 10, animal rights activist Fran Trutt attempted to murderLeon Hirsch, president of US Surgical Corp., by means of a remote-controlled pipe bomb studded with roofing nails, and the FBI began investigation of ALF as a domestic terrorist organization. Trutt received one year jail time, three years probation.
1990s – the present: Neurobiologist and head of Britain’s Medical Research Council from 2003-07, Colin Blakemore, endures “assaults by masked terrorists, bombs sent to his children, letters laced with razor blades … and more than a decade of attacks and abuse by animal rights campaigners. A mob once smashed his windows and tried to break down his front door. Today his home is fitted with panic buttons, triple locks and a safe room.” The campaign was so extreme his wife attempted suicide in despair. (“Scientist who stood up to terrorism and mob hate faces his toughest test,” The Observer, Sept. 14, 2003)
1990: On Feb. 08, Dr. Hyram Kitchen, dean of the College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Tennessee, was foundshot dead in his driveway. The FBI later revealed that a month before the incident, a local police department issued an alert through the FBI’s National Crime Information Center that various sources, including mail received by the University of Tennessee, indicated that animal rights extremists had threatened to assassinate a veterinary dean within the following 12 months. No one was ever arrested for the act and there was no claim of guilt. The case remains unsolved.
1990: On May 24, a bomb exploded under the seat of Judi Bari’s car as she drove to the house of Rodney Coronado in Santa Cruz. (Rented for $1,900 a month, the house included a hot tub for 13.(6)) Bari, who had advocated abandoning tree-spiking as a tactic in the timber wars, was exonerated of any ties to the bombing and the case remains unsolved.
1990: On June 10, a bomb exploded under the car of Dr. Patrick Headley, a medical science researcher at Bristol University in the UK. Headley escaped injury, but a 13-month-old child, John Cupper, in a pushchair nearby with his father, was badly injured and required surgery. He suffered flash burns, a partially severed finger, and shrapnel wounds to his back.
1991: In this year in the UK, over 250 crude incendiary devices were used against the meat industry alone. The FBIreported to Congress, “The increased sophistication and use of incendiary devices in the United Kingdom appears to have coincided with the ‘personalization’ of the conflict – that is, the willingness to cause harm to an individual or his/her personal property. In a number of cases during the 1980s and early 1990s, explosive devices were attached to automobiles belonging to biomedical researchers, some without warning. Most were discovered and defused, but some actually detonated.”
1993: On Nov. 30, London furrier Haydon Noble received a package in the mail containing a distress flare. His three-year-old daughter suffered cuts to the face, while Haydon and his adult daughter were hospitalized for grazes, burns and shock. The “Justice Department” admitted guilt.(7)
1994: On June 3, Doris Wylie, a secretary at a chicken-rearing plant in Midlothian, Scotland, opened a mail package that exploded, breaking two of her fingers and causing burns to her face, chest, stomach and hand. The device was so powerful that six crates behind her went up in flames. Four other similar devices were sent to meat companies and a transport company, injuring two men. The Justice Department claimed guilt.(8)
The Independent (London) called the Justice Department’s bombing campaign “the most sustained and sophisticated bombing campaign in mainland Britain since the IRA was at its height.”(9)
1994: On Dec. 10, advertising executive Thomas Mosser dies upon opening a parcel bomb from “Unabomber” Ted Kaczynski. Using an inaccurate EarthFirst! hit list,(5) Kaczynski mistakenly believed Mosser had been hired as a spin doctor to improve the image of Exxon following the Exxon Valdez oil spill disaster.
The bomb – packed with razor blades, metal and nails – nearly severed Mosser’s head and inflicted massive wounding to his arm and abdomen.
1995: On Apr. 24, the new president of the California Forestry Association, Gilbert Murray, opens a package addressed to his retired predecessor, Bill Dennison, from “Unabomber” Ted Kaczynski. The powerful bomb tears Murray’s body apart, and punches holes in the walls of the office.
1995: Straight Edge embraces vegan lifestyles free of alcohol and drugs. While most Straight Edgers are peaceful, a minority, sometimes dubbed “Hate Edgers”, embrace intolerance and violence. In 1995, Rich Webb, who was smoking pot, was attacked by a crowd of Straight Edgers and had an “X” carved by a knife into his back, just above his waist.(10) On Oct. 31, Bernardo Repreza, 14, was beaten and stabbed to death in a street fight in Utah by a gang of Straight Edgers.
1997: On Mar. 11, a caretaker, his wife and child were asleep at the Fur Breeders Agricultural Co-op in Sandy, Utah. They were lucky to escape with their lives when five pipe bombs exploded, causing nearly $1 million in damages.
1997: On Mar. 24, Delyla Wilson of Earth First! charged into a public meeting attended by Montana Senators Conrad Burns and Max Baucus, Montana Governor Marc Racicot and Agriculture Secretary Dan Glickman Wilson, and threw afive-gallon bucket of rotting bison entrails on them. She was convicted of assault. Assault runs in the family since Wilson’s husband Stanley was later convicted of pieing the Eugene, Oregon Mayor. Around the world, dozens of people have been assaulted by various projectiles, generally pies, often by people using the tongue-in-cheek name “Biotic Baking Brigade.” Cute name but it’s still assault.
1998: In December, UK Prime Minister Tony Blair refused to create a commission to investigate alleged abuses of animals within the research community. In response, Barry Horne, a convicted animal rights arsonist, began a hunger strike and ALF publicized a threat by the Animal Rights Militia which stated, “The ARM has announced a list of ten vivisectors who will be assassinated if animal liberation hunger striker Barry Horne dies through Labour’s broken promises.” Horne subsequently called off his strike and the crisis passed.(11)
1999: On June 10, animal rightists chained 62-year-old Katherine Brown to a fence and demanded that she and her husband close their farm, Hillgrove Farm, in Oxfordshire, Britain’s only licensed cattery supplying cats for research. After stealing her cellphone, they abandoned her. The farm closed two months later.
1999: At 3:20 a.m. on Aug. 7, veterinarian James Boydston and his family were asleep in their house in Escanaba, Michigan, when ELF torched a fishing boat in their driveway. If a neighbor hadn’t been up watching the aurora borealis, the house would have gone up in flames too since the boat was parked right next to the residential structure and flames scorched the side of the house. ALF graffiti was found at the scene.
1999: On Oct. 26, British documentary maker Graham Hall was kidnapped and branded with the letters “ALF” across the width of his back. The previous year, Channel Four had screened proof gathered by Hall that ALF leaders were teaching bomb-making techniques.
2000: On Mar. 25, Revlon manager Richard Simer’s finger is blown off and his legs and chest are peppered with shrapnel when he opens a package bomb delivered to his home in Chandler, Arizona.
2000: On the night of May 27, police discover bombs set at an oil depot in Eugene, Oregon. One of the devices was placed under the fuel tank of a fume-filled tanker truck. If it had detonated as planned, it could have damaged two city blocks filled with peacefully slumbering citizens. Eco-anarchist Jeff Luers received lengthy jail time, showed no remorse and claimed his crimes were an expression of frustration over the “irreversible damage” being done to the planet for the sake of profit.
2000: On June 23, Cincinnati, Ohio, Procter & Gamble researcher George Gibson and his two dogs were shot to deathin his home. He took a total of nine shots – seven to the head and two in the chest. The case remains unsolved, but speculation was inevitable that it was animal rights-related. (PeTA ran an aggressive campaign against P&G in the state for many years. In fact, on Aug. 5, 1998, Michael Scarpitti, aka Tre Arrow in later years and a member of the FBI’s Most Wanted club, was arrested at a PeTA protest at the Cincinatti, Ohio home of a P&G executive while wearing a pink bunny suit. He was 24 at the time. Also arrested and charged with Scarpitti for “misdemeanor distribution of advertising literature without a permit” was PeTA’s Cincinnati campaign coordinator Jason Edward Baker. Today he is PeTA’s Asian rep covering Melbourne, Hong Kong and Beijing.)
2000: July brought protesters to a conference of the International Society for Animal Genetics in Minneapolis, Minnesota where they left canisters containing traces of cyanide at a restaurant.
2001: On Feb. 4, in the UK, Cheshire Beagles master George Murray, his wife and five other hunt members were assaulted by masked animal rights activists. At least five hunt members were injured by the stick- and whip-wielding attackers. Murray was beaten, kicked in the head and face and his wife was punched in the face. They were threatened with death as retribution for the accidental death on Feb. 9, 1991 of hunt saboteur Michael Hill.
2001: On Feb. 23, Brian Cass, the managing director of Huntington Life Sciences, was attacked by two men and a woman wearing balaclavas as he walked from his car to his front door. One battered him with a pickaxe handle, leaving him with a three-inch head wound. A passer-by then chased the attackers away, but not before the good Samaritan had received a face full of CS gas.
2002: Three months after environmental activists pelted him with cakes said to contain excrement and vomit, Dutch political candidate Pim Fortuyn was assassinated on May 6 by devout eco-vegan Volkert van der Graaf, who shot Fortuyn five times as he left a radio interview. An employee of the animal “liberation” group Vereniging Milieu Offensief (VMO) (“Environment Offensive”), van der Graaf methodically lodged complaints against virtually every farming permit issued. It was also revealed that van der Graaf had been implicated in the December 1996 murder of Chris van der Werken, an official responsible for environmental checks and permitting. As van der Graaf was already in jail for one murder, it is unlikely he’ll ever be tried for a second.
2002: In August, police dismantled a huge 15 kg (33 lb) bomb at a biotechnology research facility in Italy.
2002: In a statement claiming guilt for an eco-terror attack in Pennsylvania on Sept. 3, the Earth Liberation Front announced: “We will no longer hesitate to pick up the gun,” adding firearms to the list of acceptable means to establishing the impossible, a world where humans live without any impact on the Earth or animals.
2003: At a California animal rights conference, the director and officer of charities Animal Defense League – Los Angeles and Sea Shepherd Conservation Society, and the spokesperson for the North American Animal Liberation Press Office (ALPO), Jerry Vlasak, stated, “If these vivisectors were being targeted for assassination, and call it political assassination or what have you … I think that strictly from a fear and intimidation factor, that would be an effective tactic. And I don’t think you’d have to kill – assassinate – too many vivisectors before you would see a marked decrease in the amount of vivisection going on. And I think for 5 lives, 10 lives, 15 human lives, we could save a million, 2 million, 10 million non-human lives.”(12)
2003: On Aug. 28, two bombs exploded at biotech company Chiron Corp. in Emeryville, California. One of the bombs was believed to be a “secondary device”, designed to go off after fire and rescue workers arrived. “If the first responders would have arrived minutes earlier, people would have been killed,” said an FBI spokesperson. Then, on Sept. 26, a 10-pound nail bomb exploded at Shaklee Corp. in Pleasanton. Guilt for both attacks was claimed by a group called Revolutionary Cells, which issued a statement to employees that read:
“You never know when your house, your car even, might go boom. Who knows, that new car in the parking lot may be packed with explosives. Or maybe it will be a shot in the dark … all customers and their families are considered legitimate targets.”
Daniel Andreas San Diego, “an eco-terrorist, a vicious vegan with an ax to grind,” is thought to have targeted the companies because of their ties with Huntingdon Life Sciences, a research company. As of April 2009, he was designated one of America’s “most wanted terrorists” by the FBI, with a reward of $250,000 for information leading to his capture.
2004: In July, a PeTA supporter, William C. Prusinowski, 19, assaulted a furrier’s son at a party in New York, calling him an “animal murderer”. The victim suffered a concussion and serious eye injury. Prusinowski was charged with a felony, second-degree assault, after the victim needed to see an eye surgeon for his injury. Police commented, “This vicious assault was solely based on the victim’s affiliation with the fur business.”
2005: On Sept. 7, Donald Currie, described by police as ALF’s “main active bomber”, ignited a petrol bomb at the house of Paul Blackburn, a GlaxoSmithKline executive in Beaconsfield, Bucks, UK. Blackburn was out but his wife and daughter were home. Police said Mrs. Blackburn could have been killed if she had not shut the door quickly.
2006: On June 30, with UCLA professor Lynn Fairbanks as the presumed target, a bomb was left at a neighbor’s house by mistake. Fairbanks was director of the Center for Primate Neuroethology at the UCLA Neuropsychiatric Institute. The bomb failed to ignite, but arson investigators determine that if it had, the 70-year-old lady who lived there could easily have died, thereby qualifying the case as attempted murder. An FBI statement read: “It is the opinion of arson investigators that if the device had functioned properly, escape would have been difficult to impossible, given the hillside location of the house, possibly resulting in the death of the inhabitants of the residence.” ALF claims guilt.
2008: On Jan. 23, two research staffers at Victoria University in Wellington, New Zealand drank milk spiked with formaldehyde. Police investigate the case as deliberate poisoning. Two weeks earlier, an e-mail had been received saying, “stop killing mice.”
2008: On Aug. 2, a firebomb exploded at 5:45 a.m., destroying a car belonging to a University of California Santa Cruz scientist. Four minutes later, another firebomb went off at the home of Prof. David Feldheim, forcing evacuation of his family, including two children, via ladder from the 2nd floor. Feldheim injured both his feet.
2009: On Mar. 9, fox hunt supporter Trevor Morse is killed by a hunt saboteur at Long Marston airfield near Stratford-Upon-Avon, Warwickshire, England. Morse was following a hunt when Bryan Griffiths almost decapitated him with the tail propellor of a gyrocopter he was using to buzz and disrupt the hunt. Griffiths was charged with murder, but was controversially cleared in March 2010.
2009: On Aug. 3, a hunting lodge in Bach, Austria is destroyed by arson. The lodge belonged to Daniel Vasella, CEO of pharmaceutical company Novartis, a former client of Huntingdon Life Sciences. A week earlier, the ashes of Vasella’s mother were removed from her grave in the Swiss city of Chur. The message “Drop HLS Now” was spray-painted on her gravestone. A statement by the North American Animal Liberation Press Office following the arson read: “We personally can only regret that Mr. Vasella was not present in the home when it burned.”(13)
2009: On Sept. 8, Annie Le, a graduate student of pharmacology at Yale University, is strangled to death. Her 90-lb body is found on Sept. 13, what would have been her wedding day, crammed into a wall of a laboratory. Animal lab technician Raymond Clark III is arrested on Sept. 17, suspected of having murdered Le after a disagreement over her treatment of mice.(14)
2010: On Jan. 25, Canadian Fisheries and Oceans Minister Gail Shea is hit in the face with a tofu cream pie as she is about to deliver a speech in Burlington, Ontario. People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals activist Emily McCoy is convicted for assault. (See “It’s more than a pie in the face,” by Ezra Levant, Toronto Sun, Mar. 20, 2011.)
2010: On July 27, at 2:30 a.m., eight explosive incendiary devices are ignited at a former mink farm in Astoria, Oregon, while a husband and wife, their son and grandmother are sleeping. An anonymous claim of guilt is published on the website of the North American Animal Liberation Press Office. (Related story)
2010: On Sept. 1, James Lee is shot and killed by police after taking three hostages at gun point at Discovery Communications in Silver Spring, MD. Found on his body were explosive devices described by police as canisters of propane with pipes around them. Known for his extreme views on animals and environmental issues, concerns about the climate change campaign, and hatred of people, Lee took out a full-page newspaper advertisement in 2008 in which he wrote, “We are running out of time to save this planet and the Discovery Channel is a big part of the problem. Instead of showing successful solutions, their broadcast programs seem to be doing the opposite.” (Related story)
2011: On Mar. 9, 16-year-old student Nathanial Zeno is arrested for allegedly plotting aColumbine-style massacre at Seminole High School in Seminole, Florida. His targets, according to sheriff’s deputies, were to be anyone who was cruel or neglectful to animals. When he was arrested, a copy of the book Columbine was found on him. Investigators also found a book on serial killers called 101 People You Won’t Meet In Heaven. However, Zeno had not yet acquired any weapons or explosives to carry out his plan. (Related story)
2011: On Mar. 31, in the town of Olten, Switzerland, two employees of Swissnuclear are hospitalised for superficial burns and hearing damage after a parcel bomb explodes in its office. Swissnuclear represents five utilities operating nuclear power plants. (Related article)
So let us lay to rest forever the myth of the “nonviolent” animal/earth liberation/human elimination movement.
(1) For a discussion of the public’s right to acquire others’ contact information under the Freedom of Information Act, versus the security of small family farms, see Farmers and ranchers win battle for safe farms, FCUSA commentary, Sept. 30, 2002.
(2) From “A Personal Overview of Direct Action in the United Kingdom and the United States,” by Kim Stallwood, inTerrorists or freedom fighters? Reflections on the liberation of animals, by Steven Best and Anthony Nocella (eds.), 2004.
(3) Fromme also gave lessons to others in the basics of eco-terrorism. From Squeaky: The Life and Times of Lynette Alice Fromme, by Jess Bravin, 1997:
“Next I have a project for you and I want you to report to me how you feel about it,” Lyn wrote. In step-by-step instructions, she directed him “to research the names and addresses of top corporate executives and their wives” … and then “to telephone the targets and, in his ‘meanest voice,’ utter the following:
“‘Your (product or activity, or you may mention the name of it), is killing, poisoning the world. There is no excuse for it.’ Now say this very slowly: ‘If you do not stop killing us, Manson will send for your heart. (if the company pollutes the air, you may say lungs.) Close the shop. Flee the country. Or watch your own blood spell out your crime on the wall. Remember Sharon Tate.’ You may vary this. The main thing is to be scary and clear. Practice. Be a thug. You’ll be a good one. … There is no need to feel guilty about this, because we are not doing anything wrong.”
Fromme continued with advice on how to kill a particular target while sending a threat to others, the basics of domestic terrorism:
“Do not threaten him first. Kill him. Destroy him.” But, “check for kids. We want to avoid hurting any kids. … put an aerosol can in the [murdered man's] mouth, and … leave at the crime scene a copy of the counterculture magazine New Times, open to an article on pollution. We are making a picture to warn others who pollute.” (p190)
In July of 1975, an anonymous female caller (believed to be Sandra Good) telephoned the San Francisco Chronicle and read a statement:
The International People’s Court of Retribution is a new justice movement for the balance of the earth. All state, federal and private money interests are now warned: Stop whaling. We consider all wildlife to be part of ourselves and will move viciously to defend our lives. Anyone caught killing wildlife, polluting or cutting down trees will be maimed, poisoned or chopped in a similar manner. A whaler without arms cannot swim.
See also: “The Significance of Squeaky Fromme,” by Clare Booth Luce, Wall Street Journal, Sept. 24, 1975.
(4) See Guilty plea of Unabomber Theodore Kaczynski, Sacramento, California, Jan. 22, 1998.
(5) See (4) and also the Sentencing document of Theodore Kaczynski, Sacramento, California. (May 4, 1998) William Dennison, past president of the California Forestry Association and intended victim of the bomb that killed Gil Murray, testified:
“We submit to you that although Kaczynski’s early actions to maim and kill may have been attributed to his anti-technology philosophy, he ended his era of terrorism as an eco-terrorist by murdering Gil Murray and Thomas Mosser. … Kaczynski’s boasting to Earth First of the maiming of individuals and the killing of Gil Murray is an example, and I quote what he said to them: ‘This is a message from FC*. The FBI calls us Unabom. We are the people who recently assassinated the president of the California Forestry Association.’ Prior to that, following the killing of Thomas Mosser, he wrote to Earth First again and said: ‘As for the Mosser bombing … our attention was called to Burson-Marsteller by an article that appeared in Earth First’.”
*Certain parts inside Kaczynski’s bombs carried the inscription “FC”. He later asserted it stood for “Freedom Club”.
See also Confession of Unabomber reveals his connection to Earth First. By Barry Clausen, Jan. 22, 1998.
(6) See Ideologues drive the violence, by Bryan Denson and James Long, The Oregonian, Sept. 27, 1999..
(9) Nocturnal creatures of violence, The Independent, Nov. 1, 1995.
(10) Anti-drug youth group over the edge, police say, by Arlene Levison, Associated Press, Dec. 7, 1997.
(11) Testimony of Wesley J. Smith, JD, Before the House Judiciary Subcommittee on Crime, Terrorism, and Homeland Security Hearing: in Support of Strengthening the Law Against “Animal Rights” Terrorism, May 23, 2006.
(12) Vlasak expanded on this quote in “Who’s afraid of Jerry Vlasak?” by Dr. Steven Best, July 2004, where he states:
“I think there is a use for violence in our movement. And I think it can be an effective strategy. Not only is it morally acceptable, I think that there are places where it could be used quite effectively from a pragmatic standpoint.
“For instance, if vivisectors were routinely being killed, I think it would give other vivisectors pause in what they were doing in their work – and if these vivisectors were being targeted for assassination, and call it political assassination or what have you, I think if – and I wouldn’t pick some guy way down the totem pole, but if there were prominent vivisectors being assassinated, I think that there would be a trickle-down effect and many, many people who are lower on that totem pole would say, “I’m not going to get into this business because it’s a very dangerous business and there’s other things I can do with my life that don’t involve getting into a dangerous business.” And I think that the – strictly from a fear and intimidation factor, that would be an effective tactic.
“And I don’t think you’d have to kill – assassinate – too many vivisectors before you would see a marked decrease in the amount of vivisection going on. And I think for 5 lives, 10 lives, 15 human lives, we could save a million, 2 million, 10 million non-human animals.”
(13) Drug company Novartis: Activists steal ashes of CEO’s mother, torch his hunting lodge. Association with notorious animal abuser Huntingdon Life Sciences cited, North American Animal Liberation Press Office, Aug. 4, 2009.
(14) The life and death of Annie Le, New York Daily News.